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Rajasthan Guide

A desert, a mountain range, a pink city
a blue city, two tiger reserves, one bird reserve, palaces, temples and forts: A lot is contained within India’s largest state.

The colourful state of Rajasthan was formed after Independence from a collection of princely states governed by the Rajpoot caste. The Rajpoots (meaning ‘son of a king’) followed a chivalric code similar to that of European knights and were pre-eminent in the region for 1,000 years – battling for control of the land with first the Mughal empire and later the British. The Rajpoot line continues to this day, but with the power and the palaces replaced by recognition and respect.

Rajasthan borders Punjab to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Gujarat to the southwest and Pakistan to the west. Running from the northeast to the southwest and slicing the region in half, is the three hundred mile long Aravalli mountain range, which provides some spectacular views and is home to the sacred pilgrimage site the Dilwara temples. The western half of Rajasthan is dominated by the Thar Desert, home to the wildly colourful desert festival with its acrobats, snake charmers, puppets and moustache tying competition.

Enjoy the romance of Udaipur, with its magnificent lakes and the palaces that float on top of them, be humbled by the imposing C15 Meherangarh Fort of Jodhpur and marvel at the beauty of the exquisite Amber palace in Jaipur: Rajasthan is full of wonders.

Rajasthan Cities Overview


The Amber Palace
Galtaji – ancient Hindu pilgrimage site
Hawa Mahal (Palace of Winds) – red sandstone palace
Jaigarh Fort
Jantar Mantar observatory


Umaid Bhawan Palace
Mehrangarh Fort
Jaswant Thada (Intricately carved late 19 century marble memorial)
Osiyan Temple (Ancient Jain temple about 60km outside Jodhpur)
Maha Mandir (Ancient temple)
Kaman art gallery (One of the main Indian contemporary art galleries in Rajasthan)
Mandore Garden
Nehru Park


City palace
Jag Niwas and Jag Mandir floating palaces
Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal – folk art museum
Jagdish Temple

Rajasthan Main Festivals

January – February

  • Camel Festival (Bikaner)
  • Nagaur Fair (Nagpur)
  • Desert Festival (Jaisalmer)
  • Baneshwar Fair (Baneshwar)


March – April

  • Gangaur Festival (Jaipur)
  • Mewar Festival (Udaipur)
  • Elephant Festival (Jaipur)


  • Urs Ajmer Sharif (Ajmer)
  • Summer Festival (Mount Abu)


July – August

  • Teej (Jaipur)


  • Marwar (Jodhpur)


  • Pushkar Fair (Ajmer)

Rajasthan Parks and Reserves

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
(Keoladeo Ghana National Park) 

Ranthambore National Park

Sariska National Park
Tigers. Also has game bird, eagles.

Desert National Park
Great Indian Bustard, desert fox, desert cat.